Sumayyah bint Khayyat
Esclave1 noire2, elle est considérée comme le premier membre de la communauté musulmane primitive mort en martyr, lors des persécutions dont celle-ci fut l'objet à La Mecque3,4. Elle mourut en 615, d'après un récit rapporté par Ibn Ishaq, après avoir été torturée par Abu Jahl, un des chefs mecquois.
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- (en) Muhammad Mohar Ali, The Biography of the Prophet and the Orientalists, vol. 1B, (lire en ligne), p. 656.
- (en) Jamal M. Ahmed, « Islam in the context of contemporary socio-religious thought of Africa », Al-Abhath Quarterly Journal, vol. 20, no 2, , p. 14 (lire en ligne).
- (en) Alfred Guillaume, The Life of Muhammad: A translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, Oxford, 1955, réimpr. 2003, (ISBN 0-19-636033-1), p. 145.
- (en) Sayed A.A. Razwy, A restatement of the history of Islam & Muslims : C.E. 570 to 661, Stanmore, Middlesex, World Federation of KSI Muslim Communities, (ISBN 0950987913, lire en ligne), « Ammar ibn Yasser was also one of the earliest converts to Islam. As noted before, his mother and father were tortured to death by the pagans in Makkah. They were the first and the second martyrs of Islam, and this is a distinction that no one in all Islam can share with them. [...] The first victims of pagan attrition and aggression were those Muslims who had no tribal affiliation in Makkah. Yasir and his wife, Sumayya, and their son, Ammar, had no tribal affiliation. In Makkah they were “foreigners” and there was no one to protect them. All three were savagely tortured by Abu Jahl and the other infidels. Sumayya, Yasir's wife, died while she was being tortured. She thus became the First Martyr in Islam. A little later, her husband, Yasir, was also tortured to death, and he became the Second Martyr in Islam. Quraysh had stained their hands with innocent blood! In the roster of martyrs, Sumayya and her husband, Yasir, rank among the highest. They were killed for no reason other than their devotion to Allah and their love for Islam and Muhammad Mustafa. Those Muslims who were killed in the battles of Badr and Uhud, had an army to defend and to support them. But Yasir and his wife had no one to defend them; they bore no arms, and they were the most defenseless of all the martyrs of Islam. By sacrificing their lives, they highlighted the truth of Islam, and they built strength into its structure. They made the tradition of sacrifice and martyrdom an integral part of the ethos of Islam. »